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Archive of posts filed under the Trafficking, Anti-Trafficking, and Street Sex Markets in the US category.

Anthony Marcus, Chris Thomas and Amber Horning in Slate Article and LSE Blog on Pimps, Adolescents and Sex Trafficking

“An Agent Centered Approach To Child Sex Trafficking”

A Pre-Publication Version of Child Sex Trafficking Towards an Agent Centered Approach

From the forthcoming book Human Trafficking: Reconsidering the Problem,

Published by the Open Society Foundation.

Authors: Anthony Marcus, Amber Horning, & Ric Curtis

SNRG Team Led by Amber Horning Publishes Critique of Clinton/Kerry approach to Trafficking in Persons Report in International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice

The Trafficking in Persons: A Game of Risk

Amber Horning, Christopher Thomas, Alana Henninger, and Anthony Marcus

International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice 2014 (forthcoming)


The State Department ranks countries on adherence to minimum standards set forth by the Trafficking Victims Protection Act 2000. The Trafficking in Persons Report (TIP) is updated annually and failure to enact changes to combat trafficking results in higher tier rankings. This paper evaluates the TIP by situating this tool in light of special features of the modern era, such as globalization and risk. Through a survey of the theoretical literature on risk and on trafficking risk factors, we devise six preliminary risk clusters and discuss how the TIP could incorporate governments’ response to trafficking risk factors into the ranking system. Our intentions are to spark debate about how risk factors could be incorporated in the TIP, to provide a preliminary model and to encourage further research in this area.


Marriage, Forced and Otherwise: Inter-generational conflict over marital choice among North African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian New Yorkers

Alana Henninger

Anthony Marcus

Ric Curtis

Presented by Alana Henninger at the European Society of Criminology Annual Conference


Over the past two decades, social policy concerns have emerged in varied OECD countries around the problem of “forced marriage” and intergenerational conflict over marital choices within migrant communities. While the United States Department of State defines forced marriage as “one in which one or both parties have not consented to the marriage”, for migrants who encounter conflicting kinship norms and beliefs in situations of diaspora, the question of consent is never simple. Interestingly, the Department of State identifies eleven countries where United States citizens have been known to be forced into marriage, but does not include the United States on this list. Some American advocacy organizations now argue that forced marriage is occurring in the United States in substantial numbers, and have begun calling for specific legislation and socio-legal responses. However, there is very little empirical research into the nature and scope of the problem because it involves complex and intimate family matters that are typically hidden from outsiders even when they are not in violation of receiving-country norms. Additionally, government institutions in western countries are sometimes hesitant to act because of the fear of appearing racist or forcing western values upon established cultural norms.

This exploratory study examines the ontology and life experiences of New Yorkers from families that migrated from places where arranged marriages are common in an effort to add to the small body of scientific knowledge on forced marriage in the United States. Using intercept recruitment, 100 CUNY students from these regions were surveyed about their beliefs, attitudes, and opinions concerning marital choices, and their experiences with intergenerational tensions within their family concerning arranged marriage. This study provides a view into what forced marriage may look like to students occupying a difficult space between sending and receiving countries, and how forced marriage may or may not fit the socio-legal categories of its Western advocates.




Special Issue of Dialectical Anthropology

Anti-anti-trafficking? Toward critical ethnographies of human trafficking
Edward Snajdr and Anthony Marcus

Table of Contents

Marcus, Anthony & Ed Snajdr — Anti-anti-trafficking? Toward critical ethnographies of human trafficking

Blanchette, Thaddeus & Ana Maria da Silva — The Myth of Maria and the imagining of sexual trafficking in Brazil

Snajdr, Ed — Beneath the Master Narrative: Human Trafficking, Myths of Sexual Slavery and Ethnographic Realities

Musto, Jennifer — Domestic minor sex trafficking and the detention-to-protection pipeline

Thakor M. & danah boyd — Networked trafficking: reflections on technology and anti-trafficking movement

Dejanova, Tanja and Chitra Raghavan — Report from the field: evaluating an alternative to incarceration program for “highly probable trafficking victims”

Horning, Amber — Peeling the onion: domestically trafficked minors and other sex work involved youth

Weitzer, Ron – Commentary

Montgomery, Heather – Commentary

Linquist, Johan – Commentary

Sandy, Larissa – Commentary

Jakobssen, Pye and Jay Levy – Commentary